Topics

Interactive Natural Language Processing

KeyboardThe current state of the art in different areas of natural language processing (NLP) is very far from allowing fully automatic high quality results (HQRs), therefore human intervention is required to correct the output of the NLP engines. This applies specifically to NLP fields such as: machine translation and cross-language processing, text recognition, parsing, speech recognition, information retrieval, etc.

Its goal is to produce HQRs through a tight collaboration between a human operator and a NLP system, following an interactive-predictive paradigm. On the other hand, interactivity offers a unique context in which the feedback provided by the human can be used as new training data for adapting the NLP systems to new environments.

Text mining

Text mining, sometimes alternately referred to as text data mining, roughly equivalent to text analytics, refers to the process of deriving high-quality information from text. High-quality information is typically derived through the divining of patterns and trends through means such as statistical pattern learning. Text mining usually involves the process of structuring the input text (usually parsing, along with the addition of some derived linguistic features and the removal of others, and subsequent insertion into a database), deriving patterns within the structured data, and finally evaluation and interpretation of the output. 'High quality' in text mining usually refers to some combination of relevance, novelty, and interestingness. Typical text mining tasks include text categorization, text clustering, concept/entity extraction, production of granular taxonomies, sentiment analysis, document summarization, and entity relation modeling (i.e., learning relations between named entities).

Handwritten Text Recognition

Many documents used every day are handwritten documents, as for example, postal addresses, bank cheques, medical prescriptions, a big quantity of historical documents, an important part of the information gathered by forms, etc. In many cases it would be interesting to have these documents in digital form rather than paper based, in order to provide new ways to indexing, consulting and working with these documents.

Handwriting text recognition (HTR) can be defined as the ability of a computer to transform handwritten input represented in its spatial form of graphical marks into equivalent symbolic representation as ASCII text. Usually, this handwritten input comes from sources such as paper documents, photographs or electronic pens and touch-screens.