Extracting meaning from data

Doctor

Extracting meaning from data is the central business of the information era. ML Market is a European consortium of leading researchers that span a range of areas in information processing, data analysis, statistics and machine learning.

ML Market groups are formed from world-leading research groups within the Pascal European network that also actively engage to find business solutions to challenging real-world problems. ML Market exists to promote the academic and industrial expertise of its researchers and provides a platform to engage and broker industrial contacts.

Case Studies

Bonaparte Disaster Victim Identification System

Society is increasingly aware of the possibility of a mass disaster. Recent examples are the WTC attacks, the tsunamis, and various airplane crashes. In such an event, the recovery and identification of the remains of the victims is of great importance, both for humanitarian as well as legal reasons. Disaster victim identification (DVI), i.e. the identification of victims of a mass disaster, is greatly facilitated by the advent of modern DNA technology. In forensic laboratories, DNA profiles can be recorded from small samples of body remains which may otherwise be unidentifiable.

Winestein, the computer with taste for wine

Doctor A common problem when you organize a dinner or when you are in a restaurant and you get the wine list: what wine goes best with your dish?

Winewinewine.com is a web-portal for wine. One of its distinguishing features is Winestein, the on-line sommelier. You can enter any dish of your choice by entering ingredients and cooking method. Then winestein will advise matching wines.

Letting stones go unturned

Wéiqí, Baduk or simply, Go. Over two thousand years old, this challenging game of strategy and tactics has taught warriors, monks and intellectuals to focus, concentrate and plan. But a program is beginning to change our views of what is possible. In computer competitions this multi-armed bandit has stolen first prize more often than any other. It’s MoGo, or Monte Carlo Go.

Topics

Time Series Analysis

Timeseries appear in a variety of disciples, from finance to physics, computer science to biology. The origins of the subject and diverse applications in the engineering and physics literature at times obscure the commonalities in the underlying models and techniques. Modern timeseries applications include financial timeseries prediction, video-tracking, music analysis, control theory and genetic sequence analysis.

Text mining

Text mining, sometimes alternately referred to as text data mining, roughly equivalent to text analytics, refers to the process of deriving high-quality information from text. High-quality information is typically derived through the divining of patterns and trends through means such as statistical pattern learning. Text mining usually involves the process of structuring the input text (usually parsing, along with the addition of some derived linguistic features and the removal of others, and subsequent insertion into a database), deriving patterns within the structured data, and finally evaluation and interpretation of the output. 'High quality' in text mining usually refers to some combination of relevance, novelty, and interestingness. Typical text mining tasks include text categorization, text clustering, concept/entity extraction, production of granular taxonomies, sentiment analysis, document summarization, and entity relation modeling (i.e., learning relations between named entities).

Machine Vision

Machine vision is a branch of engineering that uses computer vision in the context of manufacturing. While the scope of Machine Vision is broad and a comprehensive definition is difficult to distil, a "generally accepted definition of machine vision is '... the analysis of images to extract data for controlling a process or activity.'" Put another way, Machine Vision processes are targeted at "recognizing the actual objects in an image and assigning properties to those objects--understanding what they mean." The commercial applications of Machine Vision include tracking of people in crowds, numberplate recognition, reconstructing the 3D geometry of an environment.