Seminar: External Seminar Bryon Aragam

SpeakerBryon Aragam
AffiliationCarnegie Mellon University
DateMonday, 18 Feb 2019
Time16:00 - 17:00
LocationGround Floor Seminar Room, Sainsbury Wellcome Centre, 25 Howland Street, London - W1T 4JG.
Event seriesGatsby Unit Seminar Series
Description

Speaker:
Bryon Aragam

Title:
Identifiability of nonparametric mixture models, clustering, and semi-supervised learning

Abstract:
Motivated by problems in data clustering and semi-supervised learning, we establish general conditions under which families of nonparametric mixture models are identifiable by introducing a novel framework for clustering overfitted parametric (i.e. misspecified) mixture models. These conditions generalize existing conditions in the literature, allowing for general nonparametric mixture components. Notably, our results avoid imposing assumptions on the mixture components, and instead impose regularity assumptions on the underlying mixing measure. After a discussion of some statistical aspects of this problem, we will discuss two applications of this framework. First, we extend classical model-based clustering to nonparametric settings and develop a practical algorithm for learning nonparametric mixtures. Second, we analyze the sample complexity of semi-supervised learning (SSL) and introduce new assumptions based on the mismatch between a mixture model learned from unlabeled data and the true mixture model induced by the (unknown) class conditional distributions. Under these assumptions, we establish an \Omega(K\log K) labeled sample complexity bound without imposing parametric assumptions, where K is the number of classes. These results suggest that even in nonparametric settings it is possible to learn a near-optimal classifier using only a few labeled samples.

[1] Aragam, B., Dan, C., Ravikumar, P. and Xing, E. P. Identifiability of nonparametric mixture models and Bayes optimal clustering. Under review. https://arxiv.org/abs/1802.04397
[2] Dan, C., Leqi, L., Aragam, B., Ravikumar, P., and Xing, E. P. The Sample Complexity of Semi-Supervised Learning with Nonparametric Mixture Models. NeurIPS 2018. http://papers.nips.cc/paper/8144-the-sample-complexity-of-semi-supervised-learning-with-nonparametric-mixture-models

Biography:

Bryon Aragam is a Project Scientist in the Machine Learning Department at Carnegie Mellon University. He received his PhD from UCLA in 2015. His research is at the intersection of machine learning and high-dimensional statistics, with a focus on problems with non-iid, nonconvex, and heterogeneous structure. His previous work includes work on theoretical foundations and algorithms for graphical models, mixture models, and semi-supervised learning.

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